By Euan Graham
This is the 1st significant English-language research to discover the large and longstanding connections among Japan’s nationwide defense and the protection of its sea lanes. Tracing concerns from pre-and post-1945 eras, the publication explores how Japan’s matters with sea lane security have built throughout such varied fields as army technique, international relations, alternate coverage, strength safeguard, and legislations enforcement.
Drawing upon case research fabric and first learn together with interviews with officers and safeguard analysts, the ebook provides a chronological research of Japan’s sea lane safety. whereas Japan’s safeguard rules have lately passed through rather swift swap, a old therapy of sea lane defense concerns unearths long term continuity in safeguard policymakers’ perceptions and responses relating to Japan's defence and overseas policy.
Revealing a ignored yet very important element of Japan’s army and fiscal safety, the publication investigates why officers and analysts proceed to painting the defence of Japan’s sea lanes as ‘a subject of existence and death’.
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Additional info for Japan's Sea Lane Security: A Matter of Life and Death?
In addition to domestic actors, the United States has had a highly influential role in shaping Introduction 3 Japan’s security affairs since 1945, both at the level of formal alliance linkages and through the close personal ties between the United States and Japanese armed forces, ‘navy-to-navy’ relations in particular. The dynamics of this post-war decision-making process are analysed in Chapter 4, which dissects policy at the levels of Japan’s strategic interaction within the international system, domestic politics and alliance linkages.
7 per cent. Japan must import other important non-ferrous metals such as manganese, zinc, chrome, titanium and cobalt, but in much smaller quantities, making them easier to stockpile. 3 Japan’s non-ferrous metal stockpiles (2000). Source: Mining and Mineral Agency/METI. 3). 9 million barrels per day in 1996. 4 Japan’s oil imports and consumption (million tons). Source: Adapted from BP Amoco Statistical Review of World Energy: ‘Oil Consumption 1989–1999’, ‘Trade Movements 1989–1999’. Online. htm (accessed 6 May 2002).
Second, despite having the world’s second-largest industrial economy and a population approaching 127 million, it possesses limited mineral resources and arable land. Import dependence is marked across a range of strategic commodities including oil (99 per cent), liquefied natural gas (LNG) (96 per cent), iron ore (100 per cent) and copper (96 per cent). Many of its basic energy, raw material and food requirements must be met through imports, for which shipping is the only commercially viable mode of transportation.