By Yasutami Shimomura, John Page, Hiroshi Kato
As soon as the world's biggest ODA supplier, modern Japan turns out less obvious in overseas improvement. in spite of the fact that, this e-book demonstrates that Japan, with its personal reduction philosophy, stories, and versions of relief, has plentiful classes to supply to the overseas group because the latter seeks new paradigms of improvement cooperation.
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Extra resources for Japan’s Development Assistance: Foreign Aid and the Post-2015 Agenda
It is important to note that Japan was represented at this meeting by Nobuhiko Ushiba, deputy vice-minister of Foreign Affairs, and that both the United States and the Soviet Union participated as nonregional members. Then, in late November, a ministerial meeting was held to formally adopt the ADB charter. At the meeting, it was agreed that Manila would host the ADB headquarters, which upset Tokyo greatly. One year later in Tokyo, the ADB’s inaugural meeting was held, and Mr. Watanabe was elected as president of ADB.
With these policy orientations, the government revised the ODA Charter for the second time in 2015. The new document, now titled “Development Cooperation Charter,” emphasizes the role of ODA as a catalyst for other actors that engage in development cooperation (see MOFA 2015). 3 Characteristics of Japan’s ODA This section looks at some of the characteristics of Japan’s ODA. Starting with the characteristics most often perceived by foreign observers, it will demonstrate that some of the “old” views on it no longer necessarily capture it in its present form, given the radical changes that Japan’s ODA has undergone, and that, at the same time, it has maintained some of its traits despite such changes.
5 A third issue concerned alignment with US geopolitical strategy. Successive Japanese administrations decided to support countries in harmony with US strategy, such as Pakistan, Turkey, Egypt, and Sudan. 4 The 1980s: Road to the top—Further expansion of ODA Japan’s ODA continued to expand in volume and develop in its range of activities during the 1980s. With the repeated introduction of its ODA medium-term targets (1981, 1985, and 1988), the volume expanded almost linearly. Elevated further by the appreciation of the yen against the dollar after the Plaza Accord in 1985, Japan ﬁnally became the world’s top ODA donor in 1989, surpassing the United States.