By Andrew Carnie
This booklet offers the 1st accomplished reference on noun declensions in smooth Irish. while conventional descriptions of noun inflection are notoriously complicated and choked with exceptions and irregularities, this reference advisor presents a scientific and simple characterization of nominal paradigms, which additionally captures vital generalizations in regards to the inflection of nouns. Andrew Carnie proposes ten declension sessions rather than the conventional 5 and separates off seven significant varieties of plural formation. He offers absolutely inflected paradigms for 1200 nouns, and a reference checklist of 10,000 Irish nouns annotated with their new declension category, their plural kind and the shape of the genitive singular and customary case (nominative) plural. The e-book additionally contains parallel details at the inflection of adjectives and prepositions.
This targeted reference device can be worthy not just to language researchers and authors, yet to academics and scholars of the language, whether or not they are local audio system or newcomers.
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Extra resources for Irish Nouns: A Reference Guide (Oxford Linguistics)
The Connemara forms belong to declension class A. The northern forms ending in -adh/-aidh seem to belong to a variant of declension class H. The Munster and northern dialect forms ending in -amh/-aimh actually do pattern as class B1. Finally we have the Munster forms ending in -adh/-aidh. These do seem to partly pattern with class B1, in that they change from a broad Wnal orthographic consonant to a slender one, but they also seem to undergo the additional twist of pronouncing the Wnal idh as /gj/.
Gp. vp. pp. an du´il an ghlu´in an tsu´il an ainimh an dorn na du´ile na glu´ine na su´ile na hainimhe na doirne na ndu´l na nglu´n na su´l na n-aineamh na ndorn (a dhu´ile) (a ghlu´ine) (a shu´ile) (a ainimhe) (a dhoirnea) ag na du´ile ag na glu´ine ag na su´ile ag na hainimhe ag na doirne a The vp. 1 plural like dorn is totally obscure to me and probably to most native speakers as well. It could in principle be either a dhoirne, which would make it consistent with the other words that take this subtype of plural, or a dhorna, patterning with the other masculine forms with weak plurals.
I have not indicated this possibility in this book and list all such forms according to the orthographic class they belong to (B). Declension class B 23 There are a few subgroups in this declension, although they really just reXect some variation in the way the attenuation or making slender of the Wnal consonant is represented orthographically (and more rarely in pronunciation). Group B1: Attenuation with orthographic -i-. This group deWnes the general pattern for the whole declension. The genitive is formed by attenuating the Wnal consonant.