Download Interaction of Morphology and Syntax: Case Studies in by Zygmunt Frajzyngier (Ed.), Erin Shay (Ed.) PDF

By Zygmunt Frajzyngier (Ed.), Erin Shay (Ed.)

The current quantity bargains with hitherto unexplored matters at the interplay of morphology and syntax. those chosen and invited papers ordinarily challenge Cushitic and Chadic languages, the least-described individuals of the Afroasiatic family members. 3 papers within the quantity discover a number of typological features throughout a whole language relatives or department, whereas others specialize in one or languages inside of a family members and the consequences in their constructions for the relatives, the phylum, or linguistic typology as an entire. the range of issues addressed in the current quantity displays the nice range of language buildings and services in the Afroasiatic phylum.

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Extra resources for Interaction of Morphology and Syntax: Case Studies in Afroasiatic

Sample text

The underlying verb meaning in (6) can be argued to have been ‘pull’. To stretch (rope) in (6a) requires pulling strongly on it. The action connoted by (6b) involves pulling off or apart. Example (7a) connotes direct extraction of something embedded in the ground; (7b) involves the extended action of removing earth scoop by scoop. Verb (8a) implies an intensive action (écarteler), while (8b) expresses a more extended and less intense action. Set (9) has the same pairing of suffixed elements as (4) and (8), but in this instance the implication of intense action is not self-evident in the gloss of (9a) as given in the Mafa lexicon.

The notion of subject as it is used in this paper is independent of information structure and only codes a grammatical relation. In Kabyle, topicality is encoded by the presence/absence and position of lexical NPs or independent pronouns, subjecthood being encoded by the obligatory presence of a personal affix on the verb’s radical. Theticity in the broad sense of the term also involves change of state verbs that refer to appearance or coming into existence: in the corpus I found, among others, γdel ‘change’, ffeγ ‘go out’, γly ‘fall’, kcem ‘enter’, kker ‘stand up, begin’.

Although (25’) is far rarer than (25), or than the basic nonverbal utterance d tagugamt ‘she is/was mute’, it is nevertheless perfectly acceptable, and shows that there is no need to have personal affixes or clitics in order for the integrative case to be used. This may point to a development by which the integrative case would have become only a position-marking case, as was suggested by an anonymous reviewer. However, we must keep in mind that not all postverbal NPs are in the integrative: direct object NPs are in the absolute.

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