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By N. B. Harmancioglu (auth.), Nilgun B. Harmancioglu, M. Necdet Alpaslan, Sevinc D. Ozkul, Vijay P. Singh (eds.)

An built-in method of environmental information administration is necessitated via the complexity of the environmental difficulties that must be addresses, coupled with the interdisciplinary technique that should be followed to unravel them. schedule 21 of the Rio Environmental convention mandated overseas programmes and companies to take steps to improve universal info and data administration plans, and steps were taken during this path.
the most important notice that defines the framework of the current ebook is `integration'. The publication establishes the fundamentals of built-in techniques and covers environmental information administration structures inside of that framework, overlaying all facets of knowledge administration, from goals and constraints, layout of knowledge assortment networks, statistical and actual sampling, distant sensing and GIS, databases, reliability of information, info research, and the transformation of information into information.

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The improvement of such a situation calls for a combined effort on the part of all relevant agencies and levels of administration working in an effective partnership and in accordance with the subsidiarity and shared responsibility principles. This drives us to the conclusion that harmonization and coordination, rather than centralization, should be the key issues in the European water resources information policy. At the European level, the task of supplying those concerned with the Community environmental policy with reliable and comparable information is now assigned to the European Environment Agency (EEA) that, although created in 1990, came into force only in 1994.

Almost all monitoring strategies are based on a chemical-specific approach to regulate discharges of selected toxic pollutants and to meet certain water quality standards. TABLE 1. 2. PROBLEMS WITH THE CURRENT STATE OF MONITORING There are certain identified problems with the existing state of monitoring which will only increase in the future. In general terms, these problems concern: (1) the information gained from monitoring; (2) the high cost of monitoring, and (3) the harmonization of monitoring throughout the Member States.

B. Harmanciogiu et al. ), Integrated Approach to Environmental Data Management Systems, 25-34. © 1997 Kluwer Academic Publishers. 1. EXISTING MONITORING APPROACH There are existing monitoring programs in all EU Member States to obtain data to meet the monitoring objectives and corresponding information needs. The most important (routine) monitoring objectives are: (a) (b) (c) (d) identification of state (concentrations) and trends; identification of mass flow (loads); testing of compliance with standards and classification; early warning and detection of pollution.

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