By Cameron B. Wesson
These unusual with the prehistory of North the US have a basic conception of the cultures of the continent that incorporates local american citizens residing in tipis, donning feathered headdresses and buckskin garments, and following migratory bison herds at the nice Plains. even though those practices have been a part of a few local American societies, they don't safely signify the variety of cultural practices via the overpowering majority of local American peoples. Media misrepresentations formed via tv and films in addition to a spotlight on choose areas and classes within the historical past of the U.S. have produced a very distorted view of the indigenous population of the continent and their cultures. The indigenous populations of North the United States created remarkable societies, engaged in exchange, and had assorted monetary, social, and non secular cultures. during the last century, archaeological and ethnological learn all through all areas of North the United States has published a lot concerning the indigenous peoples of the continent. This e-book examines the lengthy and intricate background of human profession in North the US, masking its unique tradition in addition to components of the Arctic, California, jap Woodlands, nice Basin, nice Plains, Northwest Coast, Plateau, Southwest, and Subarctic. whole with maps, a chronology that spans the historical past from 11,000 B.C. to A.D. 1850, an introductory essay, greater than seven hundred dictionary entries, and a entire bibliography, this reference is a invaluable instrument for students and scholars. An appendix of museums that experience North American collections and an inventory of archaeological websites that let excursions by means of the general public additionally make this an obtainable consultant to the lay reader and highschool scholar.
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Within the saga of early western exploration a tender Shoshoni Indian woman named Sacajawea is famed as a advisor and interpreter for the Lewis and Clark day trip to the a long way Northwest among 1804 and 1806. Her status rests upon her contributions to the excursion. In guiding them during the barren region, in accumulating wild meals, and, principally, in serving as an ambassadress to Indian tribes alongside the best way she helped to guarantee the good fortune of the day trip.
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Extra resources for Historical Dictionary of Early North America (Historical Dictionaries of Ancient Civilizations and Historical Eras)
Similarities between these languages provide definitive evidence of a northeast Asian origin for Native American peoples. In addition, strong similarities exist in the cultural traits of these groups, with scholars considering Aleut–Eskimo speakers to be the most Asian-like of all Native American groups. See also ALEUTIAN TRADITION. ALEUTIAN TRADITION. P. D. 1800). Although considerable stylistic variation exists in the artifacts of the Aleutian tradition, it is characterized by the presence of chipped-stone artifacts, an elaborate bone tool industry, and a subsistence strategy centered upon marine mammals and saltwater fish.
A particular type of radiocarbon dating in which the age of a sample is determined by counting radioactive carbon atoms directly with an accelerator mass spectrometer. 21x10-6 ounces]). P. in age. AMS dating has been particularly useful for North American archaeology in research directed at the role of Paleoindians in the extinction of North American megafauna. ACCULTURATION. Process through which a cultural group adopts the material, social, and behavioral patterns of another society with which it has contact.
P. D. P. D. P. D. 1300–1550]), each characterized by an increasingly complex subsistence technology based on the intensive cultivation of maize, beans and squash, and the development of large, multiroom dwellings and sophisticated and regionally diverse ceramics. ANATHERMAL. A North American climatic episode characterized by cooler and more moist environmental conditions than those at present. P. ). The anathermal immediately preceded the altithermal. The anathermal supported a different array of plant and animal communities than both previous and subsequent environmental periods, suggesting a unique set of human subsistence practices and settlement patterns during this time.