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By Isaak Jakob Schmidt

This booklet used to be initially released sooner than 1923, and represents a replica of a massive old paintings, protecting an analogous layout because the unique paintings. whereas a few publishers have opted to practice OCR (optical personality reputation) know-how to the method, we think this ends up in sub-optimal effects (frequent typographical error, unusual characters and complicated formatting) and doesn't appropriately guard the old personality of the unique artifact. We think this paintings is culturally vital in its unique archival shape. whereas we attempt to accurately fresh and digitally improve the unique paintings, there are sometimes cases the place imperfections similar to blurred or lacking pages, terrible photographs or errant marks could have been brought because of both the standard of the unique paintings or the scanning approach itself. regardless of those occasional imperfections, we now have introduced it again into print as a part of our ongoing international publication upkeep dedication, delivering shoppers with entry to the very best historic reprints. We savor your figuring out of those occasional imperfections, and essentially wish you take pleasure in seeing the booklet in a layout as shut as attainable to that meant via the unique writer.

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It may be of interest that Jack Fischer has made a somewhat similar observation regarding East Carolinian moraic meter. He notes that “the syllabic value of intervocalic or initial prevocalic short i or u may, if required, be omitted, treating them as semivowels” (see Fischer 1959: 49). Another consideration in the determination of syllable count concerns adjacent vowels at word boundaries. In non-elaborated speech, two words are heard to share a syllable when identical short vowels meet (Coppenrath & Prévost 1974: 10–11).

The structure “seeps to the surface ... through the repetition process” (Lévi-Strauss 1970: 105). For some languages, parallelism is the predominant poetic device. John Dubois notes that such is true for Cuna, Kiriwina, and Rotinese poetic traditions, and perhaps all poetry of the Mayan languages (DuBois 1986: 318). Jakobson states that one of the roles of parallelism is to project inevitability: a form is first foreshadowed, and then occurs (DuBois 1986: 326– 327). He in fact regards parallelism, broadly defined, as the essential poetic process, observing that: Poetic language consists of an elementary process: the bringing together of two elements.

Moods 9. Voices 10. Classes of abstract and concrete words 11. Animates and inanimates 12. Appellatives and proper names 13. Affirmatives and negatives 14. Finite and infinite verbal forms 15. Definite and indefinite pronouns or articles 16. Diverse syntactic elements and constructions (Jakobson 1968: 604) For brevity, however, discussion below shall be restricted to syntactic parallelism (item 16 of Jakobson’s list) and semantic parallelism, due to their widespread application and frequent co-occurrence in oral poetry.

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