By Wilhelm Vosse
Since the tip of the chilly battle, Japan's defense setting has replaced considerably. whereas, at the international point, the U.S. remains to be Japan's most vital safety accomplice, the character of the partnership has replaced due to moving calls for from the USA, new foreign demanding situations comparable to the North Korean nuclear programme and the swift upward thrust of China. even as, Japan has been faced with new, ‘non-traditional’ safety threats equivalent to foreign terrorism, the unfold of infectious illnesses, and worldwide environmental difficulties. at the family point, demographic switch, labour migration, monetary decline, office lack of confidence, and a weakening effect of coverage tasks problem the sustainability of the life-style of many jap and feature ended in a heightened experience of lack of confidence one of the eastern public.
This booklet makes a speciality of the household discourse on lack of confidence in Japan and is going past army safety. The chapters conceal matters akin to Japan’s starting to be conception of nearby and worldwide lack of confidence; the altering function of army forces; the perceived threat of chinese language overseas funding; societal, cultural and labour lack of confidence and the way it truly is stricken by demographic alterations and migration; in addition to nutrients lack of confidence and its demanding situations to wellbeing and fitness and public coverage. each one bankruptcy asks how the japanese public perceives those insecurities; how those perceptions effect the general public discourse, the most stakeholders of this discourse, and the way this impacts state-society relatives and executive guidelines.
Governing lack of confidence in Japan offers new insights into jap and foreign discourses on protection and lack of confidence, and the ways that safety is conceptualized in Japan. As such, will probably be of curiosity to scholars and students engaged on eastern politics, protection reviews and overseas relations.
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Extra info for Governing Insecurity in Japan: The Domestic Discourse and Policy Response
O. Waever and J. de Wilde (1998) Security a New Framework for Analysis. Boulder and London: Lynne Rienner Publisher. Dobson, H. (2003) Japan and UN Peacekeeping: New Pressures and New Responses. London: Routledge. Douglass, M. and G. S. ) (2000) Japan and Global Migration. Foreign Workers and the Advent of a Multicultural Society. London and New York: Routledge. Drifte, R. (2003) Japan’s Security Relations with China since 1989. From Balancing to Bandwagoning? London and New York: Routledge. Eldridge, R.
The first two chapters by Wilhelm Vosse and Paul Midford revisit the debate about the strength of anti-militarist values and norms in Japan after the end of the Cold War. A few years after the end of the Cold War, Katzenstein (1996), Hook (1996) and Berger (1998) raised the question whether the norm of antimilitarism that had dominated Japan’s domestic debate discourse about foreign and defense policy throughout the postwar decades would weaken after the end of the Cold War. Based on his cross-national opinion surveys and other polls, Vosse finds exceptionally high levels of threat perceptions among Japanese concerning global, domestic and personal issues.
The first is related to increased threat perception, the second to the possibility that an increase in nationalist sentiment after the end of the Cold War might be responsible for changes in public support for these defense policies. Hypotheses 1 Heightened individual-level feelings of insecurity and higher risk perception increases support for more assertive military options. 2 Increased support for nationalist values or patriotism increases support for a more assertive defense posture. The following analysis takes advantage of the first representative and nationwide public opinion poll on threat perception and feelings of insecurity in Japan and the United States, namely “An International Study of Attitudes and Global Engagement 2004” (from here called: SAGE 2004).