Download Formal Evidence in Grammaticalization Research by An van Linden (Ed.), Jean-Christophe Verstraete (Ed.), PDF

By An van Linden (Ed.), Jean-Christophe Verstraete (Ed.), Kristin Davidse (Ed.)

This collective quantity makes a speciality of the the most important function of formal facts in spotting and explaining situations of grammaticalization. It addresses the hitherto overlooked factor of system-internal components guidance grammaticalization and likewise revisits formal popularity standards resembling Lehmann and Hopper’s parameters of grammaticalization. The articles examine advancements of such phenomena as modal auxiliaries, attitudinal markers, V1-conditionals, nominalizers, and pronouns, utilizing information from quite a lot of languages and (in a few instances) from diachronic corpora. within the method, they discover finer mechanisms of grammaticalization corresponding to amendment of coding potential, structural and semantic analogy, alterations in frequency and prosody, and shifts in collocational and grammatical distribution. the quantity is of specific curiosity to old linguists engaged on grammaticalization, and basic linguists engaged on the interface among syntax, semantics and pragmatics, in addition to that among synchrony and diachrony.

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First, there are instances like (5) without any subject; these are rare. e. the dative/accusative experiencer) as in (6). The third type (7) is also fairly frequent and concerns a construction in which the modal is combined with an intransitive infinitive, which does not assign a thematic role to its subject, such as copula verbs: beon ‘be’, gewurþan ‘become, get, happen’ etc. The subject position is left empty, as in (7b), or an expletive subject hit ‘it’ is present, as in (7a, c). Verbs like beon and gewurþan are close to impersonal verbs like gelimpan ‘happen’, which may also occur with expletive hit.

E. when type as well as token is involved. The grammaticalization of clause types (type (c) in (1) above) and the fixing of word order (related to type (a) in (1) above), which take place on the Some problem areas in grammaticalization  most abstract type-level also shows the least influence of the parameters. Phonetic reduction is impossible in an abstract schema. Similarly, there is very little semantic reduction (if any),19 there is no change in scope, and no fusion of elements. More particularly, this discussion has tried to show that the issue of scope increase (rather than the expected scope decrease) noted by Tabor & Traugott (1998) and Roberts & Roussou (2002, 2003) among others, may be less of a problem than perhaps expected in that at least in some accepted cases of grammaticaliza­ tion, the increase in scope may not have developed by a direct route.

Lingua 88: 340–345. Haspelmath, Martin. 1999. Why is grammaticalization irreversible? Linguistics 37: 1043–1068. Hawkins, John A. 2004. Efficiency and Complexity in Grammars. Oxford: OUP. Heine, Bernd, Claudi, Ulrike & Hünnemeyer, Friederike. 1991. From cognition to grammar: Evidence from African languages. In Traugott & Heine (eds), Vol. 1, 149–187. Himmelmann, Nikolaus P. 2004. Lexicalization and grammaticalization: Opposite or orthogonal? In What Makes Grammaticalization? A Look from its Fringes and its Components, Walter Bisang, Nikolaus P.

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