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By Kimmo Kiljunen

The advance of industrialization and its impression at the overseas department of labour is right here thought of first by way of fiscal thought after which via a case-study of Finland, representing a semi-peripheral economic climate within the international economic climate. the 1st major part units out these elements of present monetary concept which appear to be most beneficial in explaining structural adjustments within the foreign department of labour; the second one part investigates the expansion of Finnish industrialization and its particular trend of overseas specialization. as the total structural features of Finnish industrialization method and overseas exchange nonetheless have a few similarities to these of much less constructed international locations (LDC'S), 3rd global industrialization is in all likelihood aggressive; the paper concludes that during semi-peripheral economies there's a desire for a far-reaching restructuring coverage to maintain total business competitiveness with regards to trade-related aggressive shifts on the earth financial system.

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Additional resources for Finland and the New International Division of Labour

Sample text

Towards a Theory 0/ International Division 0/ Labour 13 assumptions emphasise the need to have an explicit analysis of the industrial growth process itself before it is possible to explain the factors behind comparative advantage. 3 Industrial Growth Theories Historically, industrialisation has by no means been a single, uninterrupted, unitary, nation-wide, nor even a world-wide process. On the contrary, different industries have spread unevenly across time and space. Despite this divergence in timing, industrialisation is frequently considered to be an identifiable uniform process of growth and change whose main features are historically the same in all countries.

A more sophistieated investigation with analogous assumptions has been presented by Hollis Chenery (1960). He eritieised Hoffmann's Towards a Theory of International Division of Labour 15 choice of industries for being arbitrarily limited and for omitting several important sectors, and instead cIassified industrial sectors into three categories: capital goods, intermediate goods and consumer goods. The industrial growth patterns Chenery described were measured in terms of income elasticities of growth.

In many cases, in the so-ca lied peripheral regions, it could be said that industrial units are operating in the territory, but not in the economy of a given country. This form of industrialisation has tended to deepen the process of uneven development. e. e. integrated, self-generating industrial Towards a Theory 0/ International Division 0/ Labour 37 growth (Annerstedt and Gustavsson, 1975). This distinction is useful in differentiating the concepts of peripheral and core industrialisation that follow.

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