By Marilyn Coleman Ph.D., Lawrence H. Ganong, Kelly Warzinik
No different century promoted such fast swap in American households than the 20 th century did. via many of the first half the century households have been two-parent plus youngsters devices, yet via the Eighties and Nineties divorce was once universal in 1/2 the houses and plenty of households have been single-parent or incorporated step-parents, step-siblings and half-siblings. the main adjustments in critiques or even a few legislation on race, gender and sexuality in the course of the Nineteen Sixties and Nineteen Seventies introduced switch to households besides. a few households have been headed by means of homosexual mom and dad, lived in communes or different non-traditional houses, have been of combined race, or had followed youngsters. family members lifestyles had replaced dramatically in under 50 years. The switch within the center makeup of what was once thought of a kinfolk ushered in new celebrations and vacations, methods of cooking, consuming, and leisure, or even day-by-day actions. during this designated examine kinfolk lifestyles in the US, Coleman, Ganong and Warzinick talk about domestic and paintings, kinfolk ceremonies and celebrations, parenting and youngsters, divorce and single-parent houses, homosexual and lesbian households, in addition to cooking and food, city vs. suburban houses, and ethnic and minority households. Reference assets comprise a timeline, resources for extra analyzing, photos and an index.Volumes within the family members lifestyles in the USA sequence specialise in the day by day lives and roles of households all through historical past. the jobs of all kinfolk are outlined and data on day-by-day family members lifestyles, the position of the kin in society, and the ever-changing definition of the time period relatives' are mentioned. dialogue of the extended family, unmarried mum or dad houses, foster and adoptive households, stepfamilies, and homosexual and lesbian households are integrated the place applicable. themes corresponding to meal making plans, houses, leisure and celebrations, are mentioned besides greater social matters that originate in the house like household violence, baby abuse and overlook, and divorce. excellent for college students and normal readers alike, books during this sequence carry the background of daily humans to existence.
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Extra info for Family Life in 20th-Century America (Family Life through History)
World War II brought a sudden interruption to this remarkable stability. The marriage rate rose and the median age at marriage fell, both dramatically. The uncertainty of life and questions about the future that existed before and during the war, and the euphoria and relief that followed victory, led many Americans to rush into marriages. In the late 1940s, more than half of all women were married by the age of 21. 5 years for men), and a year later the birth rate reached its peak. Beginning in the mid-1960s, the median age at first marriage began a gradual rise, and, by the late 1970s, it had attained its prewar level.
According to Coontz (2005), the women’s liberation rhetoric was greater than the actual changes, but there were changes nonetheless. She indicated that women tended to maintain their more conservative notions of family and work until they either went to work or experienced divorce. And, ironically, a 1962 Gallup poll reported that, although most women were highly satisfied with their lives, they wanted their daughters to get an education and postpone marriage, an attitude that somewhat belies their reported satisfaction.
As a result of the rising divorce rates, the increase in cohabitation, and the increased longevity of Americans, many families experienced the remarriage of at least one family member. Although the incidence of remarriage did not change dramatically over the century, alarms were sounded in the early 1970s when remarriage began to follow parental divorce more often than parental bereavement. At the beginning of the 20th century, stepparents were considered necessary substitutions for parents who had died—although stepparents, 32 Family Life in 20th-Century America especially stepmothers, had been vilified worldwide in fairy tales for centuries.