By John F. Winkler
After the ambitious Ohio Indians destroyed the U.S. military at Wabash in 1791, the Washington management created a brand new US military to defeat them. The well-known innovative battle commander Major-General “Mad” Anthony Wayne equipped and educated the recent military, after which led it into the Ohio desolate tract in 1794. To defeat the Indians, he needed to triumph over not only the logistical and intelligence difficulties that had doomed his predecessor's 1791 crusade, but in addition a conspiracy of officials and contractors led via his valuable subordinate, and threatened competition by means of British and Spanish forces. On August 20, 1794, Wayne defeated the Indians at Fallen Timbers. His decisive victory ended in the 1795 Treaty of Greeneville, which ended two decades of clash among the americans and the Ohio Indians, and opened to American cost the states of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan and Wisconsin.
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Extra info for Fallen Timbers 1794: The US Army's First Victory
As the winter days passed at Fort Greeneville, couriers arrived with news from Wayne’s network of intelligence agents. When George White Eyes had returned to the Glaize, Indians captured by Wells disclosed, Matthew Elliott and Girty had persuaded the Indians there not to make peace. McKee, moreover, had promised to assemble at the Glaize in the spring a large Indian army to fight the Americans. From his agents in Kentucky, Wayne learned what had caused the food supply failure. Wilkinson had organized a conspiracy that included US Army officers, army contractors and powerful political figures.
9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. lo McMahon and Kenton Expedition (Oct. 24–31, 1793) US Army advances to 9th Camp (July 28, 1794) US Army advances to 10th Camp. (July 29, 1794) US Army advances to 11th Camp. (July 30, 1794) US Army advances to 12th Camp. (Aug. 1, 1794) US Army advances to 13th Camp. (Aug. 4, 1794) US Army advances to 14th Camp. (Aug. 5, 1794) US Army advances to 15th Camp. (Aug. 6, 1794) US Army advances to 16th Camp. (Aug. 7, 1794) US Army advances to 17th Camp (Aug.
INDIAN AND CANADIAN PLANS Communications and logistical restraints limited the ability of the Indians to conduct offensive operations. They could not assemble armies of more than a few hundred warriors quickly. Such armies, moreover, could not operate for long far from Indian bases of food supply, nor fight long with firearms without British supplies of gunpowder. If, however, even a large American army advanced far enough toward their bases of supply, the Indians could field a force capable of defeating it.