By Roy E. Appleman
After its profitable touchdown at Inchon and seize of Seoul in September 1950, the U.S. X Corps used to be joined by way of 8th military, and lots of humans anticipated the 2 instructions to be mixed into one. as an alternative, basic MacArthur ordered the X Corps to load onto ships and commute round the peninsula to northeastern Korea and the port urban of Wonsan, which the South Korean I Corps had captured. significant parts of X Corps have been to maneuver west from their positions in northeast Korea and reduce the provision traces of chinese language troops anticipated to go the Yalu and confront 8th military. different elements of X Corps could push north towards the border and therefore regulate all of Korea. Neither aim was once met. Escaping the seize tells what occurred whilst X Corps came upon that the chinese language had crossed the Yalu unseen and marched speedily to Chosin Reservoir, the place they landed a shock assault opposed to the first Marine department and the army's thirty first Regimental wrestle workforce of the seventh Infantry department. The chinese language assault in overdue November 1950 nearly annihilated the thirty first RCT east of Chosin, whereas the first Marine department made an get away via treacherous terrain and a forty-mile roadblock, pushing directly to the coast and the enormous evacuation of X Corps from North Korea. Roy E. Appleman's research of the day by day documents of X Corps and of released fabric and his interviews and correspondence with survivors make the full tale of this part of the Korean conflict to be had for the 1st time.
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Extra info for Escaping the Trap: The Us Army X Corps in Northeast Korea, 1950 (Texas a and M University Military History Series, 14)
The 79th Division went down the west side of the reservoir to attack Yudam-ni; the 80th Division followed the east side of the reservoir with the mission of attacking Hagaru-ri, but ran into the Army 7th Division elements then arriving there. Two of its divisions, the 81st and 90th, may have been in the Fusen Reservoir area or in reserve in the Chosin area during the Chosin battles, as there was no recorded battle contact with them until after the X Corps troops at Chosin had withdrawn into the Hungnam perimeter.
The most important part of the plan centered on the 1st Marine Divi- Page 15 MAP 3. Main supply route of 1st Marine Division and 31st Infantry Regiment, November-December. Page 16 sion. Mupyong-ni lay 55 miles west of Yudam-ni, across mountainous terrain traversed by a poor road. From Mupyong-ni, it was another 40 miles north to Manpojin on the Yalu River and the border. After the 1st Marine Division advance got under way, the 3rd Infantry Division would have responsibility for the supply road and area south of Hagaru-ri to Hamhung.
This army had a long series of battles in the Chinese civil war, including the battles for Shanghai. It was considered highly mobile, capable of long, sustained marches, and had distinguished itself in attacks against fortified places. It was regarded as one of the most effective units of the Third Field Army. It remained in the vicinity of Shanghai after the fall of that city in May 1949 as an occupational force until October. It then moved to Hangchow Bay and engaged in intensive amphibious training until the summer of 1950, when it, too, suddenly went to Shantung Province.