Download English Ditransitive Verbs: Aspects of Theory, Description by Joybrato Mukherjee PDF

By Joybrato Mukherjee

The current ebook bargains clean insights into the outline of ditransitive verbs and their complementation in present-day English. within the theory-oriented first half, a pluralist framework is built at the foundation of past examine that integrates ditransitive verbs as lexical goods with either everything in their complementation styles and the cognitive and semantic facets of ditransitivity. This process is mixed with smooth corpus-linguistic method within the current research, which pulls on an exhaustive semi-automatic research of all styles of ditransitive verbs within the British section of the foreign Corpus of English (ICE-GB) and in addition takes under consideration chosen facts from the British nationwide Corpus (BNC). within the moment a part of the learn, the complementation of ditransitive verbs (e.g. supply, ship) is analysed quantitatively and qualitatively. designated emphasis is positioned the following at the id of important rules of trend choice, i.e. components that lead language clients to favor particular styles over different styles in given contexts (e.g. weight, concentration, development move in textual content, lexical constraints). within the final half, a few normal points of a network-like, usage-based version of ditransitive verbs, their styles and the correct ideas of development choice are sketched out, hence bridging the distance among the performance-related description of language use and a competence-related version of language cognition.

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Additional info for English Ditransitive Verbs: Aspects of Theory, Description and a Usage-Based Model (Language and Computers 53) (Language & Computers)

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Goldberg, 1995: 39) In applying this working premise to the ditransitive construction, the following, closely related senses, of which the first one is considered the ‘central sense’, from which all other senses are derived, is suggested (cf. g. g. g. g. g. g. g. 4). g. deny. This prototypicality approach makes it possible to also link verbs such as envy, (be)grudge and spare, which according to Gropen et al. 58 The important thing in Goldberg’s list of senses that can be ascribed to the ditransitive construction is the underlying interaction between verbs and constructions.

G. 50 Starting off from Sinclair’s idea of a unified lexicogrammar, Francis et al. (1996, 1998) have produced two dictionaries of the patterns in which all nouns, adjectives and verbs listed in the Collins COBUILD English Dictionary (Sinclair 1995) occur significantly frequently. The two volumes (designed for learners of English in particular) also allow learners to look up all the words which frequently occur in a specific pattern. The overarching point here is that obviously lexis and grammar are interdependent to an amazing extent: specific words tend to occur in specific grammatical patterns, and specific patterns tend to select a semantically restricted range of words.

In many ways, the two grammars complement rather than compete with each other. 48 Clearly, it has to be seen in the tradition of the Comprehensive Grammar from which many concepts and terms are taken over, but the underlying methodology is now entirely corpus-based and leads to new insights into actual language use. Specifically, the distinction of complementation types is to a large extent in accord with Quirk et al. (1985), but this descriptive framework is taken as a starting-point for an in-depth analysis of a 40-million-word corpus comprising written and spoken texts (of British English and American English).

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