By World Bank
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Extra info for Ecuador poverty report
6 Social Indicators literacy rate, 1994a population age 15 and over 88 primary school enrollment, 1994a percent of relevant population 92 secondary school enrollment, 1994a percent of relevant population 54 under five mortality, 1992 per 1000 births 64 maternal mortality rate, 1992 per 100,000 births 170 unattended births urban, 1992 percent 70 unattended births rural, 1992 percent 20 tuberculosis vaccination, 1994a percent of children below five 95 measles vaccination, 1994a percent of children below five 92 polio vaccination, 1994a percent of children below five 91 difteria vaccionation, 1994a percent of children below five 78 population per physician, 1990 957 health insurance (IESS), 1994a percent of pop.
Si bien el gasto en educación primaria y secundaria beneficia más a los pobres, la mayor parte del gasto en educación superior beneficia directamente a los que no son pobres. La reasignación del gasto en educación superior a la educación básica y secundaria no sólo tendría un efecto positivo en la equidad, sino que es fundamental para mejorar la calidad de la educación básica y permitir que los niños pobres tengan acceso a la educación secundaria. Focalización Como Método Para Reducir el Costo de Los Programas Sociales Si bien la focalización de los programas sociales hacia beneficiarios específicos es un método eficaz en función de los costos, su uso no se ha generalizado.
Page 1 PART I COMPONENTS OF A POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY Page 3 1 Poverty Estimates and Correlates This section provides an overview of poverty conditions in Ecuador in 1994, and contains three key messages. First, Ecuador is an extremely poor country, measured by the number of people who cannot afford to purchase a basic basket of goods. Thirty-five percent of its population, close to four million people, lived in poverty in 1994 and an additional seventeen percent were highly vulnerable to poverty.