By Brian W.J. Mahy, Marc H.V. van Regenmortel
This quantity comprises eighty one chapters that relate to veterinary and bacterial virology. the 1st part describes basic gains of farm and different animals of agricultural significance. the subsequent 3 sections element different animal viruses, avian viruses, and viruses affecting aquatic species reminiscent of fish and crustaceans. The part 5 bargains with viruses which infect micro organism. the main finished single-volume resource offering an summary of virology concerns with regards to animal and bateriaBridges the space among easy undergraduate texts and really expert reports Concise and common overviews of vital issues in the box can assist in practise of lectures, writing studies, or drafting furnish functions
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Extra resources for Desk Encyclopedia of Animal and Bacterial Virology
4, pp. 145–166. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press. Taylor WP and Mellor PS (1994) The distribution of Akabane virus in the Middle East. Epidemiology and Infection 113: 175–185. Vaccination is the main method of prophylaxis and Akabane vaccines have been produced in Japan and Australia. In Japan and Australia, inactivated vaccines have been developed that induce high antibody titers after two doses given with a 4 week interval. In trials, these vaccines prevented development of a viremia and fetal infection on challenge or after natural exposure and were safe when used in pregnant animals.
The tissue-culture adapted isolate also has a deletion from a region close to the right end of the genome encoding five ORFs. These ORFs may facilitate virus replication in macrophages since the tissue-culture adapted isolate replicates poorly in primary macrophages. The large investment in MGFs implies that they offer a selective advantage to the virus. However, their roles are largely unknown. Classification and Relationship with Other Virus Families ASFV was first classified as a member of the family Iridoviridae because of its large size, cytoplasmic location, and double-stranded DNA genome.
However, many of these isolates have revealed no relationship with any known rhabdovirus. Up to seven different antigenic groups have been 24 Animal Rhabdoviruses Virion Properties Morphology Rhabdovirus virions are 100–400 nm long and 50–100 nm in diameter (Figure 1). Viruses appear bullet-shaped. From the outer to the inner side of the virion, one can distinguish the envelope covered with viral glycoprotein spikes and, internally, the nucleocapsid with helical symmetry consisting of the nucleoprotein tightly bound to genomic RNA.