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By Ana Lorena De La O

This e-book presents a thought and facts to give an explanation for the preliminary choice of governments to undertake a conditional money move software (the such a lot well-liked kind of antipoverty software at present in operation in Latin America), and even if such courses are insulated from political manipulations or no longer. Ana Lorena De los angeles O exhibits that no matter if presidents restrict their very own discretion or no longer has effects for the survival of regulations, their manipulation, and the way powerful they're in enhancing the lives of the negative. This booklet is the 1st of its variety to give facts from all Latin American CCTs.

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28 Most of the scholarly evidence confirms that CCTs produce an electoral bonus for the incumbent (Cornelius 2004; De La O 2013; D´ıaz-Cayeros et al. 2007; D´ıaz-Cayeros and Magaloni 2009; Green 2006; Zucco 2013). However, scholars have made contradictory claims about why CCTs have such an effect. Some argue that CCTs persuade recipients to change their vote choice for programmatic reasons, such as retrospective voting (D´ıaz-Cayeros and Magaloni 2009). Others posit that beneficiaries of CCTs may be persuaded to vote against their preferences in response to threats of program discontinuation (Cornelius 2004; Schedler 2000).

The challenge of this as a poverty relief strategy is that eligibility of households shifts over time. To maintain a focus on investments in children, programs should include processes that ensure that families whose children have grown up transition out of the program. , families no longer have school-age children) exit the program. 22 To assess programs’ compliance with recertification guidelines, I looked for evidence on the collection of periodic surveys to assess eligibility of program participants, and reports on the graduation rate of households from the program due to changes in household composition.

The International Labor Organization estimates that globally around 210 million children between the ages of 5 and 14 were working in 2000, with approximately half of them working full-time (Udry 2006). This statistic is consistent with UNESCO’s estimates that one in every five primary school-aged children was not enrolled in school in 2000. In Latin America, child labor is a pressing problem in many countries. According to estimates by UNICEF, in Belize 40 percent of children between the ages of 5 and 14 are working.

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