By Keith Brown, Jacob L. Mey
Concise Encyclopedia of Pragmatics (COPE) 2e is an authoritative single-volume reference source comprehensively describing the self-discipline of pragmatics, a major department of traditional language research facing the learn of language in it's whole user-related theoretical and sensible complexity.
As a by-product quantity from Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics 2e, it contains contributions from the most important students of semantics of their quite a few specializations and attracts on 20+ years of improvement within the father or mother paintings in a compact and cheap layout. mostly meant for tertiary point inquiry and learn, this can be necessary as a reference paintings for undergraduate and postgraduate scholars in addition to lecturers inquiring into the examine of that means and which means kinfolk inside of languages. As pragmatics is a centrally very important and inherently cross-cutting quarter inside linguistics, it is going to for this reason be appropriate not only for which means experts, yet for many linguistic audiences.
* Edited via Jacob Mey, a number one pragmatics professional, and authored by way of experts
* the newest traits within the box authoritatively reviewed and interpreted in context of comparable disciplines
* Drawn from the richest, such a lot authoritative, entire and the world over acclaimed reference source within the linguistics zone
* Compact and cheap unmarried quantity reference layout
Read Online or Download Concise Encyclopedia of Pragmatics (2nd Edition) (Concise Encyclopedias of Language and Linguistics) PDF
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Extra info for Concise Encyclopedia of Pragmatics (2nd Edition) (Concise Encyclopedias of Language and Linguistics)
The superaddressee may be personified as God or imagined as the voice of history, but strictly speaking it is a constitutive factor of the utterance itself. We implicitly address this perfect listener as well as the real one before us. The superaddressee also figures in our inner speech, where again it may be personified. The idea of addressivity allows Bakhtin to analyze a series of utterances that may look linguistically or stylistically simple but that are in fact complex when we consider them as part of a dialogue.
Some typical forms of addressivity may coalesce into speech genres, and to learn a language involves learning those genres. Speech genres differ from language to language and change over time (see Genre and Genre Analysis). For Bakhtin, the idea that utterances may change as they are being made suggests that addressivity presumes a speaker truly ‘present’ and ethically ‘responsible’ (literally ‘answerable’ in the original Russian) for what he says and a listener present and responsible for how he listens.
It is essentially joint property. Bakhtin offers a series of examples, drawn from Dostoevsky’s novels, of utterances whose whole point and stylistic shape would be missed without considering addressivity. In ‘the word with a loophole,’ for instance, the speaker deliberately exaggerates a self-characterization so that, if the response is undesired, the utterance allows Addressivity 15 him to pretend after the fact that it was parodic or unserious. The utterance builds into itself future utterances to more than one possible response.