Download Comparative Indo-European Linguistics: An Introduction (2nd by Robert S. P. Beekes PDF

By Robert S. P. Beekes

This booklet offers a complete advent to Comparative Indo-European Linguistics. It begins with a presentation of the languages of the relations (from English and the opposite Germanic languages, the Celtic and Slavic languages, Latin, Greek and Sanskrit via Armenian and Albanian) and a dialogue of the tradition and beginning of the Indo-Europeans, the audio system of the Indo-European proto-language.The reader is brought into the character of language swap and the tools of reconstruction of older language levels, with many examples (from the Indo-European languages). an entire description is given of the sound adjustments, which makes it attainable to stick to the beginning of different Indo-European languages step-by-step. this is often via a dialogue of the improvement of the entire morphological different types of Proto-Indo-European.
The publication offers the most recent in scholarly insights, just like the laryngeal and glottalic conception, the accentuation, the ablaut styles, and those are systematically built-in into the remedy.
The textual content of this second edition has been corrected and up to date by way of Michiel de Vaan. Sixty-six new workouts allow the scholar to perform the reconstruction of PIE phonology and morphology.

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We possess some hundred inscriptions which were written in it. b. Sabellian The remaining languages of the Italic group are nowadays called the Sabellian languages (formerly the Osco-Umbrian languages). In the first place there is Umbrian, which was spoken in Umbria, east of Tuscany. The Umbrians originally also inhabited Tuscany, but were driven out by the Etruscans, who had come from the area around the Aegean Sea. The Umbrian language is principally known from seven bronze tables discovered at Iguvium (now Gubbio), the ‘Tabulae Iguvinae’.

Occasionally, we shall wish to refer to one or more of the Romance languages when examining the linguistic history of Latin. 25 26 Comparative Indo-European Linguistics Faliscan was the language spoken in and around Falerii to the north of Rome, and it is closely related to Latin. We possess some hundred inscriptions which were written in it. b. Sabellian The remaining languages of the Italic group are nowadays called the Sabellian languages (formerly the Osco-Umbrian languages). In the first place there is Umbrian, which was spoken in Umbria, east of Tuscany.

At the present moment the number of speakers of Irish is very small. The other Celtic languages form one group, the British languages, that is to say, the Celtic languages of Britain (Map╯9). Celtic was spoken all throughout England, Wales and Scotland when the Romans arrived (with the possible exception of Pictish in the far north). D. British Celtic began to subdivide into Welsh, Cornish and Breton. These languages are all much simpler than Irish. Middle Welsh, like Irish, has a very rich literature which dates from the 12th century.

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