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By Evert Van de Vliert

This can be an leading edge manner of taking a look at cultures! Van de vliert is definately a genius in mapping out the world's cultures with an intensive ecological contact. it's been a protracted debate lately reagrding the long run examine in cross-cultural stories. the recognition of ecology has been recommended below the recent test of defining tradition with the fear of atmosphere at huge. Van de Vliert makes use of weather and money as controlable variables to provide an explanation for the various worth structures. His specialize in the categorization of self expression, survival and easy-going cultures will for my part turns into a futuristic process for clustering the cultures.
This should be an avnat garde model of the normal measurement dependent process. a good analyzing certainly for anyone whom into the inter-cultural communique and cross-cultural administration.

Linjie Chou

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Sample text

At any rate, as discussed next, the gratification of survival needs for thermal comfort, nutrition, and health is increasingly difficult in colder and hotter areas. Climatic Demands and Survival Needs Temperate climates around 22oC are kind to flora, fauna, and humans alike. It was no coincidence that after African genesis, human populations achieved flourishing expansion and evolution once they settled in the temperate zone of the earth. In the fertile crescent of the Middle East and in several other comfortable and relatively healthy areas, humans changed their primary modes of subsistence from hunting animals to herding them and from gathering plants to cultivating them.

No one calls into question that life in the vegetable world and in the animal world has adapted to cold, temperate, and hot climates. Thus, it would be the first wonder of the 31 32 Climate, Cash, and Work world if human life were not adapted to climate, because this would mean that human evolution had somehow contrived to wipe out its own climatic underpinnings. There is no need to find out whether climates are taken into account when societies create cultures. Rather, the question should be to what extent and in what ways societies translate climates into values and practices that are passed on and changed from generation to generation in a nongenetic way.

The current section contains the hardest part of this chapter. It reports empirical support for the notion that more demanding climates, also leading to fewer resources, lessen culturally embedded life satisfaction. To make my case, I used two completely different indicators of culturally embedded life satisfaction: happiness ratings and suicide rates. Happiness is subjective, suicide objective. Happiness is a feeling, suicide a behavior. Happiness is positive, suicide negative. On a causal path, we find unhappiness at the beginning and suicide at the end.

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