By Kees Van Dijk
Fresh years have proven a rise in curiosity within the learn of cleanliness from a ancient and sociological point of view. lots of such stories on bathing and washing, on holding the physique and the streets fresh, and on dust and the strive against of dust, concentrate on Europe. In Cleanliness and tradition consciousness shifts to the tropics, to Indonesia, in colonial occasions in addition to within the current. matters variety from using cleaning soap and the bathing of garments as a pretext to say superiority of race and sophistication to how references to being fresh performed a task in a crusade opposed to ecu homosexuals within the Netherlands Indies on the finish of the Thirties. different issues are eerie pores and skin ailments and the sanitary measures to cast off them, and the way misconceptions approximately loss of hygiene because the explanation for sickness hampered the discovering of a medication. realization can be interested in alterations in angle in the direction of appearing own physique services open air and chickening out to the privateness of the rest room, to conventional bathing ritual and to the trendy tropical Spa tradition as a manifestation of a brand new Asian way of life. With contributions by means of Bart Barendregt, Marieke Bloembergen, Kees van Dijk, Mary Somers Heidhues, David Henley, George Quinn, and Jean Gelman Taylor.
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Extra info for Cleanliness and Culture: Indonesian Histories
Concepts of cleanliness are embedded in religious discourse and practice. The mikvah,2 baptism and ritual ablution are not mediums for washing away dirt, but for preparing the individual for an altered state, whether recovery of ritual purity, entrance into a relationship with the divine, or readiness for prayers. Water is the element common to Jewish, Christian and Muslim rituals. Uncleanness represents a spiritual condition of sin or ritual impurity. The concept translates into popular wisdom in numerous English expressions: ‘Cleanliness is next to godliness’; the ignorant or classes excluded from political power are the ‘great unwashed’; cursing and swearing are language of the gutter; a ‘filthy’ mouth betrays the coarse person.
Welles (eds), The earthy republic; Italian humanists on government and society, pp. 135-9, 149-54, 168-75. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. Kuus, Saskia 2007 Baden en flaneren aan zee; Badcultuur en strandmode op Scheveningen sinds 1818. Scheveningen: Muzee Scheveningen. ] Lagarde, Riana 2005 ‘Where to pick a flower in Paris; Public restrooms’. com/france/paris/rl_restrooms. html. Leeuw, Kitty de 1992 Kleding in Nederland 1813-1920; Van een traditioneel bepaald kleedpatroon naar een begin van modern kleedgedrag.
43 | Jean Gelman Taylor Lawrence Wright (1960:138) quotes from advice manuals that cautioned against using water on the face, as it would rob the skin of its protective qualities against sun and cold; their authors recommended instead wiping face and hands with a piece of clean linen. Douglas Biow (2006:15) says that soap was first manufactured for washing clothes, not people. McLaughlin’s description (1971:42-3) of soap-making and of soap’s propensity to rapidly turn rancid explains why this was so.