Download Chimariko Grammar: Areal and Typological Perspective by Carmen Jany PDF

By Carmen Jany

The Chimariko language, now extinct, used to be spoken in Trinity County, California. This reference grammar, according to information amassed by way of Harrington within the 1920's, represents the main finished description of the language. Written from a functional-typological point of view this paintings additionally examines language touch in Northern California exhibiting that grammatical qualities are usually shared between genetically unrelated languages in geographically contiguous areas.

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Additional resources for Chimariko Grammar: Areal and Typological Perspective (University of California Publications in Linguistics)

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In addition, Dixon’s data are phonemically flawed, as noted by Sapir and others. Due to Dixon’s phonemic inaccuracies, his data are used solely in a supplementary way for this work. Nonetheless, Dixon’s grammar includes a vocabulary and glossed narratives, which have proven useful. Dixon also examines Chimariko Introduction 11 culture and compares it to neighboring tribes. He notes that the Chimariko shared many cultural traits with their neighbors and other Northern California tribes. Berman (2001) describes the Chimariko data collected by Sapir.

Fricatives are found in five places of articulation: alveolar, palato-alveolar, velar, uvular, and glottal. Affricates equally occur in three series: plain, ejective, and aspirated in two places of articulation: alveolar and palato-alveolar. 3 Lack of voicing distinction. Noticeable is the lack of a voicing distinction for stops, fricatives, and affricates. In general, voice is not distinctive. While obstruents are always voiceless, all sonorants are voiced. This is a common feature in large areas of North America.

Acoustic correlates of stress include pitch and intensity for Hupa. For Shasta, a high-low pitch tonal accent has been described. Hence the acoustic correlate of stress in Chimariko, which is pitch, is also attested in other languages of the area. Given that stress is easily transferred through language contact, it is likely that the languages in Northern California have shifted their stress patterns as a result of multilingualism in the area. For Chimariko it can be speculated that vowel length on stressed syllables was developing as a contact phenomenon given the weight-sensitive stress systems of neighboring languages with CVV as the heaviest syllable type.

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