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By Michael J. O'Brien, Robert C. Dunnell

Fourteen specialists research the present kingdom of critical Valley prehistoric study and supply a big touchstone for destiny archaeological learn of the zone. The Mississippi Valley zone has lengthy performed a severe position within the improvement of yankee archaeology and remains to be well known for the main examine of the early Nineteen Fifties. To convey the archaeological list brand new, fourteen vital Valley specialists deal with different themes together with the distribution of artifacts around the panorama, inner configurations of enormous fortified settlements, human-bone chemistry, and ceramic expertise. The authors show that a lot is to be realized from the wealthy and sundry archaeological checklist of the sector and that the tools and strategies used to check the list have replaced dramatically over the last part century. working on the innovative of present examine thoughts, those archaeologists supply a clean examine previous difficulties in critical Mississippi Valley research.   

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Extra resources for Changing Perspectives on the Archaeology of the Central Mississippi Valley

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Foster (1864) and Thomas Beckwith (1887) excavated mounds at Beckwith's Fort. Lilbourn, the largest of the southeastern-Missouri palisaded mound centers, was excavated by G. C. Swallow of the University of Missouri (Figure 16). He made brief reports of what he recovered (1858) and described his excavations in a manuscript that accompanied his artifact collection when it was donated to the Peabody Museum (Harvard) (see Putnam 1875a, 1875b). 1 The work of Rust, Croswell, Conant, Beckwith, Swallow, and others was conducted on a fairly large scale, but it produced little in the way of useful information concerning the archaeological record of the sites.

Html[20/10/2010 12:39:02] page_13 < previous page page_13 next page > Page 13 search in the central Mississippi Valley should see Morse and Morse (1983), O'Brien (1996), and Phillips (1970). The Nineteenth Century Two issues dominated Americanist archaeology in the nineteenth century and spawned an array of fieldwork designed to address them. The first was the antiquity of human beings in North Americaan issue that, while of considerable interest, does not concern us here since it played only a minor role in the Mississippi Valley.

Html[20/10/2010 12:39:12] page_30 < previous page page_30 next page > Page 30 and varieda fact not lost on nineteenth-century antiquarians and one that has been borne out repeatedly ever since. At a second level, the studies plainly indicate that some of the work conducted previously actually masked that variation through the methods used and the assumptions made about how and why the variation came to be expressed the way it was in the archaeological record. This set of studies is offered as an initial step toward clarifying the nature of some of that variation.

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