By Jane L. Collins, Victoria Mayer
Either fingers Tied stories the operating bad within the usa, focusing specifically at the relation among welfare and low-wage gains between operating moms. Grounded within the event of thirty-three ladies dwelling in Milwaukee and Racine, Wisconsin, it tells the tale in their fight to stability baby care and wage-earning in poorly paying and sometimes state-funded jobs with rigid schedules—and the moments while those jobs failed them and so they became to the nation for added relief. Jane L. Collins and Victoria Mayer the following learn the occasions of those girls in mild of the 1996 nationwide own accountability and paintings chance Reconciliation Act and different like-minded reforms—laws that ended the entitlement to welfare for these in desire and supplied an incentive for them to come to paintings. Arguing that this reform got here at a time of gendered swap within the exertions strength and profound shifts within the duties of kin, organizations, and the nation, either palms Tied offers a stark yet poignant portrait of the way welfare reform negative, single-parent households, eventually eroding the members’ financial rights and affecting their skill to take care of themselves and their teenagers.
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Extra resources for Both Hands Tied: Welfare Reform and the Race to the Bottom in the Low-Wage Labor Market
O. Smith welded undercarriages for nearly every American-made passenger car. ”39 Similarly, Racine was home to S. C. Johnson and Sons, which produced household wax and other chemicals in a sprawling facility whose corporate oΩces were designed by Frank Lloyd Wright. Other Racine employers included J. I. Case, a heavy equipment manufacturer; Hamilton Beach, which produced small electrical appliances; and Bombardier Motors. One by one, these long-established industries began to lay o∏â†œworkers and shut their doors.
The caseworker told Aurelia she would assign her to a sewing position, which she would have to attend from 8 to 4 five days a week. “I’m not a seamstress, I’m a cook,” Aurelia protested. “You’ve been here three years,” she said, referring to the caseworker’s own situation. ” “We have food service, but you would have to stand,” the caseworker replied. ” Aurelia’s reference to slavery reflects her understanding that a constitutional right to freely contract one’s labor—to choose when and where to work—is at stake in such assignments.
Is not operative in the case ofâ†œ Negroes. . ”21 White Wisconsinites’ uneasy acceptance ofâ†œ labor migrants ofâ†œ other races was reflected in the opinion surveys collected by Milwaukee’s Inter-collegiate Council and in a campaign ploy that gained national attention. During the 1956 mayoral election, opponents ofâ†œincumbent socialist mayor Frank Zeidler spread rumors that he had used city funds to erect billboards all over the South inviting blacks to Milwaukee. The Milwaukee Federated Trades Council wrote to southern labor organizations asking ifâ†œthey were aware ofâ†œsuch “recruiting,” but none were.