By P. Parvatha Reddy
Through ‘Green Revolution’ in overdue Sixties, India accomplished self-sufficiency in meals creation, yet nonetheless the rustic has no longer completed self-sufficiency in construction of horticultural vegetation. many of the development in nutrients construction throughout the eco-friendly revolution interval is attributed to using greater degrees of fertilizers and insecticides that are carrying on with to wreck sturdy conventional ecosystems. The problem sooner than the crop security scientist is to extend yields from the present land with no harming the surroundings and source base. this is often accomplished via adopting green Biointensive built-in Pest administration (BIPM) strategy.
BIPM accommodates ecological and monetary components into agricultural approach layout and selection making, and addresses public issues approximately environmental caliber and nutrients defense. some great benefits of enforcing BIPM can comprise lowered chemical enter charges, decreased on-farm and off-farm environmental affects, and greater and sustainable pest administration. An ecology-based IPM has the potential for reducing inputs of gas, equipment, and artificial chemicals-all of that are strength extensive and more and more high priced when it comes to monetary and environmental impression. Such mark downs will profit the grower and society.
The current ebook bargains with the newest biointensive built-in methods for pest administration using elements akin to bioagents [predators, parasitoids and pathogens (bacteria, fungi, viruses)], botanicals (biofumigation, oil brownies, FYM, compost, crop residues, eco-friendly manuring and different natural amendments), arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, actual tools (hot water remedy of planting fabric, soil solarization), cultural equipment (crop rotation, summer time ploughing, fallowing, intercropping, pruning, mulching, spacing, planting date, seize cropping, etc.), biorational chemical substances (pheromones) and resistant cultivars. This booklet can function an invaluable connection with coverage makers, learn and extension staff, training farmers and scholars. the fabric is also used for instructing post-graduate courses.
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Extra resources for Biointensive Integrated Pest Management in Horticultural Ecosystems
Similarly, the above treatment was also found effective for the management of powdery mildew on mango, grapes, and cucurbits. (e) Strobilurin Fungicides Strobilurin fungicides are also called Qo inhibitors as they act on cytochrome Qo of the fungi. The Basidiomycetous fungus, Strobilurus tenacellus produces antibiotics to ward off competition from other fungi. Based on this principle, several fungicides have been developed namely Azoxystrobin, Kresoxy methyl, Metominostrobin, Trifloxystrobin, Picoxystrobin, Pyraclostrobin, Famoxadone, and Fenomidone during 1996–2001.
1 Effect of Glomus mosseae and oil cakes on population of Radopholus similis and yield of banana Treatment Dose (g)/plant Population of R. 64 200 112 122 G. 68 G. 61 100 + 200 G. 80 G. 1 Banana, Musa spp. Fig. 4 Application of farmyard manure enriched with bioagent to banana plant leaves, leaf area and bunch weight (Jonathan and Cannayane 2002). 3 Root-knot Nematode, Meloidogyne incognita The root-knot nematodes, M. incognita and Meloidogyne javanica attack bananas and may interact with other nematodes or soil pests.
2 Root-knot Nematodes, Meloidogyne javanica, Meloidogyne indica In India, Thirumala Rao (1956) reported that Meloidogyne sp. caused considerable damage to citrus in Andhra Pradesh when a susceptible crop like tobacco or okra is grown as an intercrop. This is the first report of nematode damage to citrus in India. Mani (1986) reported that M. javanica caused severe crop loss to acid lime in Andhra Pradesh and was pathogenic to acid lime and sweet orange. It is confined to only coastal Andhra Pradesh.