Download Belgium's Dilemma: The Formation of the Belgian Defense by Jonathan A Epstein PDF

By Jonathan A Epstein

In Belgium’s difficulty: The Formation of Belgian security coverage, 1932-1940, Jonathan Andrew Epstein offers, for the 1st time in English, an in depth exam of the formation of Belgian safeguard coverage within the 8 years top as much as the the most important international conflict II Blitzkrieg crusade in Western Europe. Belgium’s determination to give up army ties with France in 1936 has been broadly criticized as a deadly mistake however it was once in reality an inexpensive reaction to Belgium’s scenario and used to be now not a significant component within the Allied defeat.
Drawing on Belgian records, Jonathan Andrew Epstein seems to be on the leaders and concerns that formed the Belgian military of 1940 and demonstrates that whereas blunders have been made, lots of the judgements have been sound.

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Additional resources for Belgium's Dilemma: The Formation of the Belgian Defense Policy, 1932-1940

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32 As the war went on, the Germans increasingly played the ‘Flemish card,’ seeking to divide the Belgians according to race/language and to favor the Germanic Flemish. The pro-Flemish ‘Flamingants’ were at first repelled by the occupiers but soon the Germans were not only returning Flemish to official documents but also giving it preeminence over French, although still under German. This policy, dating from October 1914, shows the increasing awareness of the German administration of the Flemish Question.

After the war, Belgium looked for reparations for all the destruction committed by the Germans, going so far as to invade the Ruhr alongside France in 1923 to force the Germans to pay their reparations. Many Belgians also sought security through territorial annexations, with nationalists calling for Dutch Zeeland, giving Belgium control over both banks of the Scheldt river and opening Antwerp to military seaborne traffic, and Dutch Limburg, allowing for a more effective Belgian defense on the Meuse River.

97-98; Kossmann, The Low Countries, 1780-1940, Oxford History of Modern Europe. (Oxford: Clarendon, 1978)pp. , p. 98. 18 Chapter 1 in the army. In 1911, bowing to the inevitable, a bill was tabled in Parliament but it did not make it through before the Germans rudely interrupted the discussion. In 1914, a law on mandatory education provided that primary education must be in the mother tongue. This law did not make it into Brussels. Walloons feared the loss of their civil service jobs in Brussels or Flanders if the locals could use their own language.

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