Download At Loggerheads?: Agricultural Expansion, Poverty Reduction, by Kenneth M. Chomitz, Piet Buys, Giacomo De Luca, Timothy S. PDF

By Kenneth M. Chomitz, Piet Buys, Giacomo De Luca, Timothy S. Thomas, Sheila Wertz-Kanounnikoff,

Regardless of the tremendous variety of books and studies on tropical deforestation, there is confusion concerning the explanations of woodland loss and woodland poverty, and the effectiveness of coverage responses. At Loggerheads seeks to explain how one can reconcile pressures for agricultural enlargement within the tropics with the pressing wishes for either woodland conservation and poverty relief. It diagnoses the factors and affects of wooded area loss and the explanations for the organization of forests and poverty. It seems at how regulations - modulated via neighborhood stipulations - act at the same time on deforestation and poverty, developing tradeoffs or complementarities, counting on the location. The record brings to the skin difficulties that bog down adoption of beneficial rules, describing institutional and technological strategies that would support conquer those impediments.

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Additional info for At Loggerheads?: Agricultural Expansion, Poverty Reduction, And Environment in the Tropical Forests (World Bank Policy Research Report)

Example text

Balancing Interests at the National Level Nations need to sort out who has the rights to manage forest and how stringently to regulate those rights in the public interest. The challenges play out differently in different types of forests: In mosaiclands, where agriculture and forests are in close contact, the challenge is to ensure that land managers take into account the benefits of forest maintenance for their neighbors. At the frontier and in disputed regions, to resolve conflicting claims to forestlands and determine where gains from forest conversion outweigh environmental damages.

In parts of Indonesia large timber and plantation interests, small commercial farmers, and long-time residents are battling for control of forest areas. Elsewhere in Asia and in parts of Africa, ineffectual government control of nationalized forests creates a tragedy of the commons where communities, forest services, and fuelwood extractors dispute woodland control and create degraded landscapes. • Areas beyond the agricultural frontier are outside the reach of most agricultural markets, though not beyond human influence.

We then tally the number of people in forested areas. This approach results in overestimates, because people tend to 37 AT L O G G E R H E A D S ? occupy unforested areas. Still, the data roughly indicate the number of people living in or around the three domains. The estimates are least reliable for African savannas, where remote sensing sources have difficulty distinguishing small-scale agriculture from savanna vegetation. 3). These tabulations refer only to dispersed rural populations, excluding even small towns with a few thousand people.

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