Download Arms, Economics and British Strategy: From Dreadnoughts to by G. C. Peden PDF

By G. C. Peden

This ebook integrates process, expertise and economics and provides a brand new means of taking a look at twentieth-century army historical past and Britain's decline as an exceptional energy. G. C. Peden explores how from the Edwardian period to the Nineteen Sixties struggle used to be reworked by means of a chain of thoughts, together with dreadnoughts, submarines, plane, tanks, radar, nuclear guns and guided missiles. He indicates that the price of those new guns tended to upward push extra speedy than nationwide source of revenue and argues that procedure needed to be tailored to take account of either the elevated efficiency of recent guns and the economy's diminishing skill to maintain defense force of a given dimension. sooner than the advance of nuclear guns, British process was once in accordance with a capability to wear out an enemy via blockade, attrition (in the 1st global struggle) and strategic bombing (in the Second), and for that reason energy rested as a lot on financial power as on armaments.

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Additional info for Arms, Economics and British Strategy: From Dreadnoughts to Hydrogen Bombs (Cambridge Military Histories)

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For another thirty years admirals would claim that battleships could be protected from hazards such as torpedoes and, later, bombers. Battleships were heavily armed and armoured vessels whose purpose was to establish command of the sea by destroying the enemy’s main battle fleet, or by bottling it up in its harbours. HMS Dreadnought, constructed in 1905–6, represented a major advance in armament and speed, so much so that all battleships and battle-cruisers built to similar or higher standards were known as ‘dreadnoughts’, while earlier battleships were termed ‘pre-dreadnoughts’.

5s, 1912, cc. 51–2. David French, ‘The military background to the ‘‘shell crisis’’ of May 1915’, Journal of Strategic Studies, 2 (1979), no. 2, 192–205; Graham R. Winton, ‘The British Army, mechanisation and a new transport system’, Journal of the Society for Army Historical Research, 78 (2000), 197–212. T. H. E. Travers, ‘The offensive and the problem of innovation in British military thought 1870–1915’, Journal of Contemporary History, 13 (1978), 531–53. The dreadnought era 29 their German equivalents, who were similarly armed.

It could draw upon the expertise of the world’s leading warship designers and builders. 24 The Royal Navy also had the advantages of confidence arising from a long tradition of victory and the fact that its ships were manned by long-service volunteers, whereas the German navy relied mainly on short-service conscripts. Army weapons The Boer War had exposed considerable weaknesses in the army. One consequence was that the War Office decided to adopt quick-firing guns: an 18-pounder for the Field Artillery and a 13-pounder for the Horse Artillery.

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