By John Braithwaite, Valerie Braithwaite, Michael Cookson, Leah Dunn
Indonesia suffered an explosion of spiritual violence, ethnic violence, separatist violence, terrorism, and violence through felony gangs, the safety forces and militias within the overdue Nineteen Nineties and early 2000s. by means of 2002 Indonesia had the worst terrorism challenge of any state. a majority of these varieties of violence have now fallen dramatically. How was once this finished? What drove the increase and the autumn of violence? Anomie idea is deployed to provide an explanation for those advancements. unexpected institutional swap on the time of the Asian monetary obstacle and the autumn of President Suharto intended the principles of the sport have been up for grabs. Valerie Braithwaite’s motivational postures conception is used to give an explanation for the gaming of the foundations and the disengagement from authority that happened in that period. finally resistance to Suharto laid a origin for dedication to a revised, extra democratic, institutional order. The peacebuilding that happened was once no longer in keeping with the high-integrity truth-seeking and reconciliation that used to be the normative choice of those authors. relatively it was once in response to non-truth, occasionally lies, and but gigantic reconciliation. This poses a problem to restorative justice theories of peacebuilding.
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Additional info for Anomie and violence : non-truth and reconciliation in Indonesian peacebuilding
BP rejected the Indonesian military as the guarantor of its security and negotiated community-based security guarantees with local Papuan civil society and Papuan political elites. The paradox was that this created incentives for the western region of Papua around the BP project to break away from the province of Papua, creating a new province. Chapter 2 construes this new and resource-contrived partition of Papua as an important risk factor for further conflict. 25 Anomie and Violence More paradoxical still is the effect of the Australian Newcrest goldmine on the Kao lands in North Maluku (Chapter 3).
This contribution is framed in opportunity theory terms here. Van Klinken aptly characterises a number of the conflicts discussed in this volume as ‘small-town wars’. He focuses on the decentralisation reforms legislated in 1999 in Indonesia that subsequently shifted control to the local level of many formerly centrally controlled resources. It shifted a lot of legitimate and illegitimate contestation, and a lot of corruption, from the national to the local level of politics. Van Klinken’s imaginative empirical work reveals that armed conflict is most likely to erupt in provinces that experience the most rapid de-agrarianisation.
Other Papuans manifest the motivational posture of disengagement from politics. This is the most classically anomic reaction to distasteful authority. We might say that in Durkheim’s (1897) foundational work on anomie theory, the ultimate manifestation of disengagement in the face of normlessness or meaninglessness is suicide. Other extreme forms of it are drug addiction and alcoholism, which are not uncommon among the traumatised Papuans we have met. The most common form of disengagement, however, is political alienation whereby many Papuans take no interest in politics.