By Barry Buzan
An creation to Strategic experiences addresses a few of the significant questions that govern either diplomacy and human survival. This booklet presents a accomplished creation to the middle recommendations of up to date strategic considering. It argues that strategic stories is ready the influence of army know-how on relatives among states, and that its specialized contribution should always be visible in the broader context of foreign financial and political relations.
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Extra info for An Introduction to Strategic Studies: Military Technology and International Relations
Broader, more political, concepts like war, crisis, alliance, terrorism, power and security are all heavily conditioned by the character of prevailing technology. Compare, for example, the military security problem of Britain in the years before air power and the years since, or that of the United States in the decades before the deployment of intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) and in those since. Directly stategic concepts like defence, deterrence, mutually assured destruction (MAD), arms racing, arms control, and disarmament, largely derive from technology.
Technological weakness in the civil sector results at worst in lower standards of living. Technological weakness in the military sector can result in the overthrow or destruction of the state itself. For this reason, there is a compulsion to acquire modern military technology that is not matched in the civil sector. So while the arms trade helps to even out the military differences The Global Spread of Military Technology 39 between states, it does so only at the cost of setting a high, and continuously rising, global standard of military technology.
No longer could states gain in wealth by seizing territory and resources from each other as they had done during the mercantilist period in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries (Howard, 1981, pp. 70--1). Despite the existence of this wisdom, the main strategic effect of increasing military capabilities prior to 1914 was to encourage doctrines of the offensive (van Evera, 1984). In reality, however, the pace and character of change in the conditions of war had so outrun the development of strategic thinking that war bore almost no resemblance to what had been expected.