By Edwin A. Lyon
Recipient of the 1994 Anne B. and James B. McMillan Prize
This finished examine offers a heritage of latest Deal archaeology within the Southeast within the Thirties and early Forties and makes a speciality of the initiatives of the Federal Emergency reduction management, the Civil Works management, the Works growth management, the Tennessee Valley Authority, the nationwide Park provider, and the Smithsonian Institution.
using fundamental resources together with correspondence and unpublished experiences, Lyon demonstrates the good significance of the hot Deal tasks within the heritage of southeastern and North American archaeology. New Deal archaeology reworked the perform of archaeology within the Southeast and created the root for the self-discipline that exists at the present time. With the present emphasis on curation and repatriation, archaeologists and historians will locate this quantity useful in reconstructing the background of the tasks that generated the various collections that now fill our museums.
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Extra resources for A New Deal for Southeastern Archaeology
D. 27The Perico Island site consisted of three shell mounds, the largest 900 by 120 feet in size. Newman made a cross section of the smaller mound, unearthing sand-tempered pottery and animal bones, and completely excavated the burial mound, finding 185 flexed burials. He also excavated part of a small circular burial area containing forty-three skeletons almost as hard as rock from the action of salt water. The occupants of this site did not place any artifacts with their burials. 28 Newman also conducted a quick archaeological survey of Manatee County.
He was interested in earth mounds and in what he called refuse piles, which reminded him of Danish shell middens. 63 He believed that southern mounds had been built by Native Americans. In 1931 William H. , described the work of Jones at Stalling's Island: "Col. ,,64 Archaeology in Tennessee with local support was limited before the New Deal. Joseph 1. Jones dug stone box grave sites in western Tennessee in 1868 and 1869. 20 Southeastern Archaeology before the Depression Gates P. Thruston published Antiquities of Tennessee in 1890.
He dug Southeastern Archaeology before the Depression I9 and surveyed in a number of Louisiana parishes. " 59 In Florida amateurs dug in shell middens in the 1880s and early 1890s. S. T. Walker published reports in the Smithsonian's annual reports. He observed stratification of middens and saw change in pottery from undecorated in lower levels through incised and stamped decoration to more sophisticated pottery with handles in upper levels. In Mississippi, Calvin S. 60 In Arkansas, Samuel C. Dellinger of the University of Arkansas began collecting artifacts in the 1920S.