By Albert C. Baugh
A historical past of the English Language explores the linguistic and cultural improvement of English from the Roman conquest of britain to the current day to supply a accomplished review of the several points of its heritage. This best-selling vintage textbook has been revised and up-to-date and encourages the reader to enhance either an figuring out of present-day English and an enlightened perspective towards the problems affecting the language at the present time. New good points of the 6th variation contain: an extra bankruptcy titled 'English within the Twenty-first Century', which examines the way forward for English and different international languages and comprises an overview of chinese language as an international language an in-depth remedy of phonological adjustments, similar to the situation of the good Vowel Shift as a bridge among center English and Renaissance English extra insurance of corpus linguistics, specially for Renaissance English clean sections on accessory and sign up a brand new survey of the new debate among "creolists" and "neo-Anglicists" at the origins of African American Vernacular English. Balanced and wide-ranging, this textbook is a must-read for any scholar learning the background of the English language
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Extra resources for A History of the English Language
London, 1972), chaps. 1, 2, and 9. The Indo-European family of languages 31 27. Twentieth-century Discoveries. Besides the nine branches described above, discoveries in the twentieth century added two new groups to the family: Hittite and Tocharian. Until recently the Hittites have been known to us chiefly from references in the Old Testament. Abraham bought the burial place for Sarah from a Hittite (Gen. 23), and Bathsheba, whom David coveted, was the wife of Uriah the Hittite (2 Sam. 11). Their language was preserved only in a few uninterpreted documents.
C. With respect to the location of this community at a time shortly before their dispersal, we have at least a basis for inference. To begin with, we may assume that the original home was in that part of the world in which the languages of the family are chiefly to be found today, and we may omit from consideration Africa, Australia, and the American continents because we know that the extension of Indo-European languages in these areas has occurred in historical times. History and its related sciences, anthropology and archaeology, enable us also to eliminate certain other regions, such as the British Isles and the peninsulas of Southern Europe.
It is sufficient, however, to think of Hittite as having separated from the Indo-European community some centuries (perhaps 500 years or more) before any of the other groups began to detach themselves. Lehmann, Proto-Indo-European Phonology (Austin, TX, 1952), pp. 22–35, 85– 114, et passim, and the essays in Evidence for Laryngeals, ed. Werner Winter (The Hague, 1965). Lehmann, Proto-Indo-European Syntax (Austin, TX, 1974), pp. 34–35, 238–51, et passim. See also Calvert Watkins, “Preliminaries to the Reconstruction of Indo-European Sentence Structure,” in Proceedings of the Ninth International Congress of Linguists, ed.