By Mark Durie
Read Online or Download A grammar of Acehnese on the basis of a dialect of north Aceh (Verhandelingen van het Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde) PDF
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Extra info for A grammar of Acehnese on the basis of a dialect of north Aceh (Verhandelingen van het Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde)
3 3 3 2 [ii] when XnX or XIX intervenes between two labial consonants the first is realised as / S / . 10) is inserted. ihX > /Siunü'poh/ 'beating' Xb-um-iubb X > / S i u n ü j b b / 'thing bought' Xm-m n-iu m
Free Morphological Variation There is much free variation in Acehnese that is not conditioned, not even by an optional rule. A comparable example would be the two Australian English pronunciations of either as [ai $ 3 ]~[ L Ï 3 |. 1. Syllable Loss Acehnese has a productive tendency to drop initial syllables. 8 'to say') In present day Acehnese many words have variant forms with one less syllable. Sometimes the variation is truly free, but in other cases the full forms are poetic or formal usage, or the reduced forms are colloquial in flavour, sometimes only appearing in certain fixed phrases.
Virtually the same conditions for the spread of nasality are described by Robins (1957) for Sundanese and by McGinn (1982) for Rejang, a language of South Sumatra. Court (1970) describes spreading nasalisation as an areal feature of Indonesia. He provides a set of nasalisation "laws" for Indonesian languages. His fifth law of nasalisation provides an alternative interpretation of /Suimajarj / : Where nasality in an Indonesian language could ... run on from a nasal consonant in the penult into the last syllable and yct fails to do so in certain words, the initial nasal in such words corresponds to a sequence of nasal + homorganie voieed stop in other languages/dialects or in other styles of speaking.