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By Adriaen van der Donck

This version of an outline of latest Netherland presents the 1st whole and actual English-language translation of a vital first-hand account of the lives and international of Dutch colonists and northeastern local groups within the 17th century. Adriaen van der Donck, a graduate of Leiden collage within the 1640s, grew to become the legislations enforcement officer for the Dutch patroonship of Rensselaerswijck, positioned alongside the higher Hudson River. His place enabled him to engage broadly with Dutch colonists and the neighborhood Algonquians and Iroquoians. An astute observer, targeted recorder, and available author, Van der Donck was once preferably located to put in writing approximately his reports and the common and cultural worlds round him.Van der Donck’s Beschryvinge van Nieuw-Nederlant  was once first released in 1655 after which accelerated in 1656. An erroneous and abbreviated English translation seemed in 1841 and used to be reprinted in 1968. This new quantity positive aspects a correct, polished translation through Diederik Willem Goedhuys and comprises the entire fabric from the unique 1655 and 1656 variants. the result's an fundamental first-hand account with enduring price to historians, ethnohistorians, and anthropologists. (20090130)

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The fruit becomes available early in summer, for if the seeds are planted in mid-April, it is fit for eating by the beginning of June. One need not wait for the squashes to ripen before eating them; when they reach a certain size, they are picked and straightaway put on the fire without further preparation. After the first picking they should be gathered every three or four days. It is incredible how many squashes grow on one plant in a year, if picked regularly. The shoots run along the ground for a short distance of a yard or two; they will also grow in newly broken woodland, provided it is cleared a little and weeds are kept out.

Nor does the water remain standing for long; as quickly as it rises, it ebbs away again in two or three days. Of the Formation and Soil of the Land Having spoken of the waters, we now proceed to the land, its produce and surface, and begin with its formation, which is as follows. Along and near the coast the land is not very high, with several hills and mounds, and for the most part sandy or shingly. It is always mixed with clay, however, which enriches it so that it produces naturally a variety of trees and bushes, fruits, and wild herbs.

It is incredible how many squashes grow on one plant in a year, if picked regularly. The shoots run along the ground for a short distance of a yard or two; they will also grow in newly broken woodland, provided it is cleared a little and weeds are kept out. The Indians make much use of this fruit, and some Netherlanders consider it quite good, but others pay little attention to it. It is a fruit that is easy to grow, prepare, and digest, and is reasonably tasty and nourishing. Melons also grow easily in New Netherland without tilling and manuring of the land being necessary.

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