By Jerome S. Blackman
Defenses are psychological operations that restoration or keep psychic equilibrium whilst humans suppose that they can not deal with feelings that stem from clash; they eliminate parts of disagreeable feelings from unsleeping knowledge. for instance, utilizing intercourse, meals, or hostility to alleviate stress - that's a safety - catalogued the following as access quantity sixty eight: Impulsivity. Screaming at a person could be a safeguard. enjoying golfing could be a safeguard. So can saving funds. Or not less than all of those actions may well contain defenses. during this ebook, Blackman catalogs one hundred and one defenses - the main ever compiled - with descriptions functional to be used in daily overview and therapy of psychopathology. He explains tips on how to notice and interpret a protection and provides supportive remedy suggestions. the various sensible counsel interspersed all through this article make it an exceptional reference instrument for college students and skilled clinicians, whereas the trouble-free positive aspects let all readers to adventure how mental defenses function in daily life.
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Extra resources for 101 Defenses: How the Mind Shields Itself
Interestingly, deanimation of enemies also occurs during war. ” The vicissitudes of this defense—seeing the enemy as inhuman—were artfully depicted in the classic movie, “A Majority of One” (LeRoy, 1961), in which, soon after the end of World War II, a Jewish-American widow, who had lost a son in the war, is courted by and eventually falls for a Japanese man who also had lost relatives in the war. DEFENSES THAT ARISE IN PSYCHOSEXUAL DEVELOPMENT 27 11. Freud, 1936; Gorelik, 1931) You turn something into its opposite.
He had felt angry toward her, and later came to realize he had also felt guilty about that anger because he knew his mother had tried to raise him to know right from wrong. Due to his conflict between anger and guilt, he had instituted several defenses, including isolation of affect (not feeling the anger or guilt), humor (laughing about the abuse), and reaction-formation (feeling love toward his mother instead of anger). Perfectionism, hyperpunctuality, and parsimoniousness involve reactionformation.
Other defenses were also present, such as identification with the aggressor (she acted toward me the way her father had acted toward her) and displacement (shifting of anger at her father onto me). But the projective identification seemed the most noxious, since it fostered mistrust, and therefore I decided to interpret it first (see chapter 5). Tip. Some people in therapy behave or express themselves in such a way that you find yourself disliking them. Akhtar (2001) includes this in his list of danger signs in suicidal people—see chapter 8.